WIMAYA https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya <p>WIMAYA is an international scholarly journal devoted to international affairs. Published twice a year <strong>(June &amp; December)</strong> by the International Relations Department, Pembangunan Nasional Veteran East Java University, the journal aims to promote the importance of interdisciplinary approach to analyze various international issues. The journal welcomes empirical and theoretical research articles that seek to cut across disciplines in order to capture the complexity of a phenomenon.</p> <p><strong>WIMAYA is </strong>listed on the Science and Technology Index (<strong>SINTA</strong>) <strong>S3</strong> and the Directory of Open Access Journals (<strong>DOAJ</strong>).</p> UNIVERSITAS PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL VETERAN JAWA TIMUR en-US WIMAYA 2722-3760 Geopolitics of the Belt and Road Initiative https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/101 <p><em>This article aims to examine the implications of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) for Myanmar. BRI is an economic and strategic agenda of China. Because of its strategic geographical location, Myanmar becomes an important area of China in implementing its BRI projects. Beijing has raised the multi-level engagement in Myanmar such as economic and infrastructure cooperation; provide assist for the government’s peace process, and stand at Myanmar’s side in the international community. Therefore, BRI could have implications for Myanmar. This research answers the following questions: what are the implications of China’s Belt and Road Initiative for Myanmar; why Myanmar is important for China and how will Myanmar benefit from China’s BRI.</em></p> Thaingi Khin Htwe Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 1 9 The e Impact of Indonesia-Bangladesh Railway Cooperation on the Establishment of Bilateral Preferential Trade Agreements https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/102 <p><em>This research discusses the railway cooperation between Indonesia and Bangladesh which is motivated by the interest of Bangladesh to revitalize railways and increase the domestic demand for railways. This research aims to find out why the Indonesia-Bangladesh cooperation in the railway sector has a significant impact on the formation of the Indonesia Bangladesh Preferential Trade Agreement (IB-PTA) in 2018. This research using interview and literature study methods. The theory used in this research is the theory of interdependence and economic integration. The conclusion of this research is that the Indonesia Bangladesh railroad cooperation has a significant impact, causing a sense of mutual dependence. The two countries finally agreed to form economic integration in the form of PTA in order to improve the economies of each country.</em></p> Muhammad Darley Alfian Pratama Rizki Rahmadini Nurika Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 10 18 The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Environment: https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/103 <p><em>The Covid-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the environment. The enormous need for personal protective equipment (PPE) masks (both medical and non-medical masks), protective clothing, face shields, gloves to hand sanitizers and disinfectants has resulted in the accumulation of medical waste in some regions in Indonesia. This paper aims to describe the environmental diplomacy and international cooperation efforts undertaken by the Indonesian government to address these problems. The author finds that Indonesia's environmental diplomacy was carried out before the pandemic occurred, but not much has focused on medical waste management. International cooperation to overcome the problem of medical waste accumulation has been carried out with some countries such as Japan, ASEAN and also WHO. Of course, considering that this pandemic is still ongoing, it is hoped that this paper can be the start of research and can be </em><em>used as a stepping stone for further research.</em></p> Benita Kristi Firmalasari Resa Rasyidah Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2020-12-10 2020-12-10 1 2 19 30 The Influences of Fashion as a Soft Power Towards France’s Economic Growth https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/104 <p><em>As time changes, there are various ways to achieve national interests. The focus to gain is no longer only on coercion through military force or economic threat but also could be reached through perspective, culture, or ideology or also known as soft power. France is widely recognized as one of the fashions and luxury country. Indeed, fashion is a part of France’s social and cultural life. The industry of fashion is dominated in France. By this common knowledge, the author starts the research with aims to show the success of France by using fashion as an instrument of soft power and the contribution of the fashion industry towards the country’s economy, specifically economic growth. The author provides an overview of the concepts of soft power and economic growth in this paper, and fashion as a culture in France. The author also includes data as reinforcement of this paper. Therefore, it is easier for readers to get information about soft power, economic growth, fashion, and the relations&nbsp; between those three.</em></p> Riris Parada Elisa Frans Maria Indira Aryani Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 31 39 The Puzzle of ASEAN Instruments to Combat Human Trafficking https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/105 <p><em>Human trafficking came to the public concern in the 1990s, caused by the movement of people and the operation of organized crime. As the problem grew more complex, collaboration was needed to enhance effective mechanisms to combat human trafficking. However, ASEAN Countries, after more than two decades in fighting against human trafficking issue, efforts in prevention and protection found limited results due to the fluctuating number of trafficked victims in the region. This paper aims to examine the mechanisms and the development of instruments to enhance the efforts in tackling human trafficking problems of ASEAN by employing the descriptive approach of policy analysis, focusing specifically on regional practices and policy development. Data were mainly collected English-based documents; it can be concluded that collaboration among ASEAN countries has been initiated various types of regional instruments. However, the success of practices following the existing regional framework remains murky.</em></p> Numtip Smerchuar Warach Madhyamapurush Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 40 47 Imagining the Global: Transnational Media and Popular Culture Beyond East and West by Fabienne Darling-Wolf. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2018, vii + 192 pp, ISBN 978-0-472-12079-6 (e-book). https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/106 Mona Sihombing Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 48 49 Pemikiran Politik Hukum Negara. By Nur Rohim, Ida Susilowati, Muhammad Sholeh. POSKOLEGNAS collaboration with Faculty of Syariah and Law UIN Jakarta, 2018. https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/108 Zahidiyah Ela Tursina Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-09-21 2023-09-21 1 2 50 51