WIMAYA https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya <p>WIMAYA is an international scholarly journal devoted to international affairs. Published twice a year <strong>(June &amp; December)</strong> by the International Relations Department, Pembangunan Nasional Veteran East Java University, the journal aims to promote the importance of interdisciplinary approach to analyze various international issues. The journal welcomes empirical and theoretical research articles that seek to cut across disciplines in order to capture the complexity of a phenomenon.</p> <p><strong>WIMAYA is </strong>listed on the Science and Technology Index (<strong>SINTA</strong>) <strong>S3</strong> and the Directory of Open Access Journals (<strong>DOAJ</strong>).</p> UNIVERSITAS PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL VETERAN JAWA TIMUR en-US WIMAYA 2722-3760 Advancing Carbon Neutrality: From Green-Oriented to Climate-Driven Public Finance https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/84 <div><span lang="EN-US">This article presented how the existing landscape of green public finance in China works in practice with a focus on government spending, taxation, and government fund, and assessed the alignment of these financial avenues with the goals of achieving carbon neutrality. The findings suggest that while China does not have a specific plan for public climate finance, the climate goals have been systematically integrated into key public finance avenues. However, the relevance and alignment of each component to the climate goals vary. The findings yield several insights for future policymaking in financing China's net-zero goal. It is recommended that China not only establish a green or climate budget system that incorporates climate considerations into decision-making processes but also proactively explores the potential of leveraging government expenditure and fiscal revenue to expand climate financing. On the expenditure side, China can increase its fiscal spending with a specific focus on green-oriented and climate-oriented initiatives, both in terms of overall size and proportion to GDP. On the revenue side, it is necessary to assess the feasibility of aligning tax measures with climate goals and explore potential synergies with other financial mechanisms. Ultimately, this article addressed the importance of accelerating the low-carbon transition with support from a green-oriented to a climate-driven approach in public finance.</span></div> Wenjie Liu Mahesti Okitasari Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 66 80 Crop Switching as Climate Change Adaptation Strategy of Farmers in the Province of Batangas https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/85 <div><span lang="EN-US">The geographical scope of the agricultural crops is changing as a result of climate change. In order to reduce the possible negative impacts, notably in developing countries such as the Philippines, this shift requires that crops are switched effectively at community level. In the agricultural communities of the Batangas province, the study identified the social and environmental determinants of crop switching as a locally relevant option for resilience building. One of the key conclusions is that temperature extremes prompted smallholder farmers to abandon crops that cannot tolerate climatic stresses. Introduction of short duration crops and adoption of heat and moisture resistant seed varieties alongside implementation of community-based approaches are suggested to curtail the adverse impacts of climate risks.</span></div> Analiza Resurreccion Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 81 93 Collaboration to Build Resilient Farmers' Human Resources: Digital Literacy Program in Agriculture as a Joint Education Effort https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/88 <div><span lang="IN">This article aims to examine the importance of the role of government and society in collaborating, especially in improving society's capabilities in the agricultural sector. In this case, development communication has an important role, especially in the form of participatory development communication and community empowerment. However, technological aspects cannot be separated from development communication. Electronic agriculture (e-Agriculture) has become something that farmers need to do to improve the quality of their agriculture. Since the penetration of information and communication technology, the use of this technology has become increasingly massive, especially in searching for information. This encourages the active role of government and society in providing facilities to support the development of human resources for farmers. In this case, digital literacy skills are very important for farmers to have, starting from searching for information, managing information resources, forming digital collaborations, to efforts to increase digital participation. These skills need to be built wisely so that the use of technology in the agricultural realm can be carried out well.</span></div> Khairul Syafuddin Aulia Putri Meidina Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 94 103 Addressing Educational Disparities in the Philippines: An Examination of the Impact of Alternative Delivery Modes (ADMs) on Achieving Inclusive and Quality Education https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/87 <div><span lang="EN-GB">The United Nations established seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, and nearly every country, including the Philippines, pledged to pursue them. Among these goals is SDG 4, which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Recognized as a fundamental human right, the attainment of quality education extends beyond mere accessibility. Unfortunately, the Philippines continues to grapple with providing inclusive high-quality education to its populace. This study undertakes a thematic analysis of data gathered from previous studies and literary works to analyze the impacts of alternate delivery modalities (ADMs) in the Philippines' pursuit of inclusive and high-quality education. Specifically, the research explores the perspectives of parents, teachers, and students on various aspects of ADMs, seeking to shed light on their effectiveness in addressing educational disparities. The findings of the study bring to the forefront significant challenges associated with the integration of ADMs in the educational landscape. Among these obstacles are the inadequacy of essential resources, limited teacher communication, and an increased workload that places emotional strain on teachers. These difficulties have notable implications for student motivation, interest, and overall learning outcomes, particularly for students coming from low-income backgrounds. Addressing these urgent concerns and adhering to the SDG 4 targets for 2030, this research provides tangible recommendations and viable solutions. By acknowledging and actively tackling the challenges that ADMs face, the Philippines may get closer to attaining its goal of delivering inclusive and high-quality education to all its residents.</span></div> Teresa Gayle Ladines Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 104 115 Sustainable Futures: Exploring Cenderawasih Bay National Park as Indonesia’s Emerging Ecotourism Hub through Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Green Theory https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/83 <div><span lang="EN-US">This study examined the potential for ecotourism development centered around whale sharks in Cenderawasih Bay National Park. The preservation of Cenderawasih Bay National Park has been officially recognized as a national park and was regarded as a crucial conservation priority in Indonesia. Nonetheless, distinct obstructions and complexities were present during the execution of whale shark ecotourism in Cenderawasih Bay National Park. The implementation necessitated a careful and conscientious approach that adhered to the tenets of responsible and sustainable ecotourism. This research utilized the Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA) and Green Theory to examine the ecological, social, and economic implications of the whale shark ecotourism sector in Cenderawasih Bay National Park comprehensively and sustainably. By integrating these two approaches, this research aimed to offer all-encompassing and enduring strategic suggestions for advancing whale shark ecotourism in Cenderawasih Bay National Park.</span></div> Ketut Candra Pangestu Putra Aurani Azalia Putri Rifqi Dirga Syahputra Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 116 124 Human Sustainable Cities Towards the SDGs and Green, Just, Smart and Inclusive Transitions by Voula Mega https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/92 Fariza Putri Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 125 126 Globalization and Islamism: Beyond Fundamentalism by Nevzat Soguk https://wimaya.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/wimaya/article/view/135 Sarah Anabarja Copyright (c) 2023 WIMAYA 2023-12-21 2023-12-21 4 2 127 128